American Chemical Society
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Synthesis and Anti-Influenza Virus Effects of Novel Substituted Polycyclic Pyridone Derivatives Modified from Baloxavir

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-09-22, 10:13 authored by Lin Tang, Haiyan Yan, Weibin Wu, Dawei Chen, Zhenxiong Gao, Jinqiang Hou, Cunlong Zhang, Yuyang Jiang
In this work, a series of novel substituted polycyclic pyridone derivatives were designed and synthesized as potent anti-influenza agents. The cytopathic effect (CPE) assay and cytotoxicity assay indicated that all of the compounds possessed potent anti-influenza virus activity and relatively low cytotoxicity; some of them inhibited the replication of influenza A virus (IAV) at picomolar concentrations. Further studies revealed that, at a concentration of 3 nM, three compounds (10a, 10d, and 10g) could significantly reduce the M2 RNA amounts and M2 protein expression of IAV and inhibit the activity of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). Among them, (R)-12-(5H-dibenzo­[a,d]­[7]­annulen-5-yl)-7-hydroxy-3,4,12,12a-tetrahydro-1H-[1,4]­oxazino­[3,4-c]­pyrido­[2,1-f]­[1,2,4]­triazine-6,8-dione (10a) was found to be a promising anti-influenza drug candidate with good human liver microsomal stability, as well as with better selectivity index and oral bioavailability than Baloxavir.