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Synthesis and Anionic Ring-Opening Polymerization Behavior of Amino Acid-Derived Cyclic Carbonates

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journal contribution
posted on 15.02.2001, 00:00 by Fumio Sanda, Jun Kamatani, Takeshi Endo
Synthesis and anionic ring-opening polymerization of l-serine (Ser)- and l-threonine (Thr)-based cyclic carbonates, (2-oxo[1,3]dioxan-5-yl)carbamic acid benzyl ester (Z-S-CC), (4-methyl-2-oxo[1,3]dioxan-5-yl)carbamic acid benzyl ester (Z-T-CC), and (4-methyl-2-oxo[1,3]dioxan-5-yl)carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Boc-T-CC), were examined. The monomers were synthesized by reaction of triphosgene with the corresponding diols obtained by reduction of N-benzyloxycarbonyl-l-serine (Z-Ser), N-benzyloxycarbonyl-l-threonine (Z-Thr), and N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-l-threonine (Boc-Thr). Their ring-opening polymerizations were carried out with tert-BuOK, tert-BuOLi, and n-BuLi as initiators (2−10 mol %) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) at −78 to −30 °C for 1 h to obtain the corresponding polycarbonates. Poly(Z-T-CC) and poly(Boc-T-CC) showed inverted specific rotations with respective to the monomers. The small increase of the absolute values suggested the absence of higher-order structures. The polymers showed three different diads in the ratio of 1:8:1, which agreed well with the value expected from the equimolar reaction of the monomer with tert-BuOK. The polymers underwent cleavage of the Z and Boc groups by hydrogenation and acid treatment, respectively to afford the corresponding polycarbonates with free amino groups.