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Synthesis, Structure, and Electronic and Photophysical Properties of Two- and Three-Layered [3.3]Paracyclophane-Based Donor−Acceptor Systems

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journal contribution
posted on 17.09.2010, 00:00 by Motonori Watanabe, Kenta Goto, Masahiko Shibahara, Teruo Shinmyozu
The synthesis, structural, redox, and photophysical properties of the two- and three-layered donor−acceptor (D−A) type [3.3]paracyclophanes ([3.3]PCPs) are described. The synthesis of the two- and three-layered [3.3]PCPs 1 and 2 containing 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole (BTD) as an acceptor was achieved by the (p-ethylbenzenesulfonyl)methyl isocyanide coupling method. The cyclic voltammograms of 1 and 2 along with those of respective dione precursors 5 and 7 clearly indicate that the presence of the −CH2COCH2− bridge interferes with the electronic interactions between the BTD and the benzene rings, suggesting the importance of the through-bond interaction in the ground state. In sharp contrast, the UV/vis spectra of 1 and 5 as well as those of 2 and 7 exhibit similar bands regardless of the presence of the −CH2COCH2− or −CH2CH2CH2− bridges, indicating that the charge-transfer (CT) interaction is mainly responsible for the through-space interaction. The two-layered PCPs, 5 and 1, show broad structureless fluorescence bands at the same position of 468 nm, while those of the three-layered PCPs, 7 and 2, appear at 501 and 496 nm, respectively, with lower quantum yields compared to those of the two-layered PCPs probably due to the stronger intramolecular CT interaction of the three-layered PCPs in the ground state.