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Synthesis, Reactivity, and Computational Analysis of Halophosphines Supported by Dianionic Guanidinate Ligands

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journal contribution
posted on 21.03.2012, 00:00 by Allison L. Brazeau, Mikko M. Hänninen, Heikki M. Tuononen, Nathan D. Jones, Paul J. Ragogna
The reported chemistry and reactivity of guanidinate supported group 15 elements in the +3 oxidation state, particularly phosphorus, is limited when compared to their ubiquity in supporting metallic elements across the periodic table. We have synthesized a series of chlorophosphines utilizing homo- and heteroleptic (dianionic)­guanidinates and have completed a comprehensive study of their reactivity. Most notable is the reluctancy of these four-membered rings to form the corresponding N-heterocyclic phosphenium cations, the tendency to chemically and thermally eliminate carbodiimide, and the scarcely observed ring expansion by insertion of a chloro­(imino)­phosphine into a P–N bond of the P–N–C–N framework. Computational analysis has provided corroborating evidence for the unwillingness of the halide abstraction reaction by demonstrating the exceptional electron acceptor properties of the target phosphenium cations and the underscoring strength of the P–X bond.