Synthesis, Molecular Structure, and Applications of 2-Hydroxylamino-4,5-dihydroimidazolium-O-sulfonate to the Synthesis of Novel Heterocyclic Ring Systems
journal contributionposted on 09.05.2003, 00:00 by Franciszek Sa̧czewski, Jarosław Sa̧czewski, Maria Gdaniec
2-Hydroxylamino-4,5-dihydroimidazolium-O-sulfonate (1) has been prepared by reacting 2-chloro-4,5-dihydroimidazole with hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid. Deprotonated compound 1a containing both the nucleophilic endocyclic nitrogen atoms and electrophilic exocyclic nitrogen was used for the syntheses of 3-substituted 6,7-dihydro-5H-imidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]oxadiazoles 2−9 and 6,7-dihydro-5H-imidazo[2,1-c][1,2,4]thiadiazole-3-thione (10) by tandem nucleophilic addition−electrophilic amination reaction. The method promises utility in the synthesis of a variety of other heterocycles. On the other hand, the convenient routes to 7,8-dihydroimidazo[1,2-c][1,3,5]thiadiazine-2,4(6H)-dithione (16) and 2,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo[1,2-a][1,3,5]triazine-4(3H)-thione derivative (17) are reported starting from compound 1. The structures of the compounds prepared were established by elemental analyses, IR, NMR, and MS spectra, and in some instances X-ray analyses.