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Synergistically Optimized Thermoelectric Performance in Bi0.48Sb1.52Te3 by Hot Deformation and Cu Doping

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journal contribution
posted on 04.09.2019, 17:50 authored by Chang Tan, Xiaojian Tan, Bo Yu, Guo-Qiang Liu, Hongxiang Wang, Guoqiang Luo, Jingtao Xu, Qingsong Wu, Bo Liang, Jun Jiang
In recent decades, bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) has been in widespread use for normal-temperature thermoelectric cooling. However, commercial zone-melted bismuth telluride faces the big challenge of dramatically decreased thermoelectric properties at higher temperature, which limits its usage at intermediate temperature. In this contribution, the thermoelectric performance of p-type bismuth telluride is enhanced via a synergistic optimization by hot deformation and copper doping. Hot deformation treatment boosts the grain growth and exhibits donor-like effects, leading to improved electronic transport properties. Meanwhile, high-density dislocations and lattice distortions induced by dynamic recrystallization aggravate the phonon-related scattering and significantly compress the lattice thermal conductivity. In addition, copper doping effectively tunes the hole concentration, and the generated point defects also reduce the lattice thermal conductivity. Consequently, a high ZTmax of 1.1 at 400 K and ZTave of 1.0 between 300–500 K were obtained in hot-deformed Cu0.01Bi0.48Sb1.52Te3. This study suggests that the synergistic effect of hot deformation and copper doping is promising to boost the near-normal-temperature thermoelectric power generation of Bi2Te3-based thermoelectrics.