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Synergistic Effects of Stereochemistry and Appendages on the Performance Diversity of a Collection of Synthetic Compounds

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journal contribution
posted on 22.08.2018, 00:00 authored by Bruno Melillo, Jochen Zoller, Bruce K. Hua, Oscar Verho, Jannik C. Borghs, Shawn D. Nelson, Micah Maetani, Mathias J. Wawer, Paul A. Clemons, Stuart L. Schreiber
Target- and phenotype-agnostic assessments of biological activity have emerged as viable strategies for prioritizing scaffolds, structural features, and synthetic pathways in screening sets, with the goal of increasing performance diversity. Here, we describe the synthesis of a small library of functionalized stereoisomeric azetidines and its biological annotation by “cell painting,” a multiplexed, high-content imaging assay capable of measuring many hundreds of compound-induced changes in cell morphology in a quantitative and unbiased fashion. Using this approach, we systematically compare the degrees to which a core scaffold’s biological activity, inferred from its effects on cell morphology, is affected by variations in stereochemistry and appendages. We show that stereoisomerism and appendage diversification can produce effects of similar magnitude, and that the concurrent use of these strategies results in a broader sampling of biological activity.