Switching of Cell Proliferation/Differentiation in Thiol–Maleimide Clickable Microcapsules Triggered by in Situ Conjugation of Biomimetic Peptides
journal contributionposted on 06.05.2019, 00:00 by Yuichiro Oki, Katsuhisa Kirita, Seiichi Ohta, Shinsuke Ohba, Ikki Horiguchi, Yasuyuki Sakai, Taichi Ito
Extracellular environments significantly affect cell proliferation, differentiation, and functions. The extracellular environment changes during many physiological and pathological processes such as embryo development, wound healing, and tumor growth. To mimic these changes, we developed novel thiol–maleimide clickable alginate microcapsules, which can introduce thiol-containing peptides by “in situ conjugation” with maleimide-modified alginate, even in serum-containing cell culture media. Additive peptides were rapidly concentrated into microcapsules by a diffusion-reaction process in the capsule. The proliferation of encapsulated fibroblasts was accelerated by in situ conjugation of CRGDS, while free RGDS showed no effect. Moreover, encapsulated preosteoblastic cells started osteogenic differentiation via in situ conjugation of BMP-2 mimetic peptides such as CDWIVA and CG-BMP-2 knuckle epitope peptide, while BMP-2 did not induce differentiation of the encapsulated cells. Especially in tissue engineering, accurate and inexpensive methods for inducing cell differentiation are required. We believe that this in situ conjugation approach employing various functional peptides will be useful in biomedical, bioindustrial, and biochemical fields in the future.