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Surface and Volume Phonon Polaritons in Boron Nitride Nanotubes

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journal contribution
posted on 12.08.2019, 16:33 by Cassandra Phillips, Leonid Gilburd, Xiaoji G. Xu, Gilbert C. Walker
Phonon polaritons (PhPs) are quasiparticles created by coupling of photons to polar lattice vibrations. Previously, PhPs have been observed as both surface and volume confined waves. The dispersion of the polariton depends strongly on the nature of the material. Volume polaritons show asymptotic behavior near the longitudinal optical phonon frequency of the material, whereas surface polaritons instead approach the surface phonon frequency. Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) were found to exhibit the dispersion of volume modes below the surface phonon frequency. However, around and above the surface phonon frequency, the behavior becomes that of a surface wave with an amplified near-field response. These findings improve our understanding of photonics within BNNTs and suggest potential applications that take advantage of the high fields and density of states in that spectral region.