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Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging Analysis of Protein-Receptor Binding in Supported Membrane Arrays on Gold Substrates with Calcinated Silicate Films

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journal contribution
posted on 02.08.2006, 00:00 by K. Scott Phillips, Thomas Wilkop, Jiing-Jong Wu, Rabih O. Al-Kaysi, Quan Cheng
A new method to fabricate supported bilayer membrane (SBM) arrays for surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging analysis is demonstrated in this work. Thin silicate films are produced on gold SPR substrates using layer-by-layer assembly, followed by calcination. Etching into the glassified substrates using photolithographic techniques generates nanowells of desirable size and depth. Atomic force microscopy and SPR imaging analysis show that the features are well-defined, and the etching process appears to have a surface smoothing effect. After the wells are oxidized with strong acid, vesicles spontaneously fuse onto them to form supported membranes with a high degree of lateral mobility. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching measurements yielded a diffusion coefficient of 1.1 μm2/s. To demonstrate the feasibility for high-throughput receptor−ligand interaction analysis, binding of cholera toxin (CT) to SBM arrays containing 5 mol % ganglioside GM1 receptor was carried out with SPR imaging. The results showed excellent well-to-well reproducibility (8% RSD at 60 nM CT) and marked detection sensitivity.

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