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Surface Passivation to Enhance the Interfacial Pyro-Phototronic Effect for Self-Powered Photodetection Based on Perovskite Single Crystals

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posted on 2024-03-20, 12:03 authored by Linjuan Guo, Yi Song, Baorong Wang, Ridong Cong, Lei Zhao, Suheng Zhang, Leipeng Li, Wenqiang Wu, Shufang Wang, Xingyuan San, Caofeng Pan, Zheng Yang
The interfacial pyro-phototronic effect (IPPE) presents a novel approach for improving the performance of self-powered photodetectors (PDs) based on metal halide perovskites (MHPs). The interfacial contact conditions within the Schottky junctions are crucial in facilitating the IPPE phenomenon. However, the fabrication of an ideal Schottky junction utilizing MHPs is a challenging endeavor. In this study, we present a surface passivation method aimed at enhancing the performance of self-powered photodetectors based on inverted planar perovskite structures in micro- and nanoscale metal-halide perovskite SCs. Our findings demonstrate that the incorporation of a lead halide salt with a benzene ring moiety for surface passivation leads to a substantial improvement in photoresponses by means of the IPPE. Conversely, the inclusion of an alkane chain in the salt impedes the IPPE. The underlying mechanism can be elucidated through an examination of the band structure, particularly the work function (WF) modulated by surface passivation. Consequently, this alteration affects the band bending and the built-in field (VBi) at the interface. This strategy presents a feasible and effective method for producing interfacial pyroelectricity in MHPs, thus facilitating its potential application in practical contexts such as energy conversion and infrared sensors.

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