Surface Assistant Charge Separation in PEC Cu2S–Ni/Cu2O Cathode
journal contributionposted on 03.09.2019, 14:45 by Wan Zhang, Ruotian Chen, Zhiguang Yin, Xinyu Wang, Zenglin Wang, Fengtao Fan, Yi Ma
Fabrication of a high efficiency photocathode is a challenging issue in photoelectrocatalysis (PEC). In this work, a Cu2S–Ni/Cu2O photocathode was constructed via electrodeposition followed by a two-step overlayer deposition procedure including direct-current magnetron sputtering (DCMS) and ion exchange reaction. We found that the presence of Ni in the inner-layer could not only affect the morphology but also enhance the formation rate of the outer-layer Cu2S. The XPS results indicate that the Ni exist as NiOx instead of Ni0. The photocurrent of Cu2S–Ni/Cu2O achieved 2 times of it on the pristine Cu2O. The charge dynamic characterizations, including electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Tafel slopes, and photoluminescence (PL) spectra, demonstrated that the Ni can promote the hydrogen evolution reaction follow the Heyrovsky reaction, while Cu2S shows a crucial role on the surface charge separation. At last, surface photovoltage microscopy (SPVM) technology was used to reveal the function of each overlayer. It gives direct evidence for the charge transportation pathway in the system and explains the function of each component.
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electrochemical impedance spectroscopyformation rateDCMSefficiency photocathode2 timescharge transportation pathwaySurface Assistant Charge SeparationPLhydrogen evolution reactionouter-layer Cu 2 SEISsurface photovoltage microscopyPECSPVMdirect-current magnetronoverlayer deposition proceduresurface charge separationNiO xXPS resultsCu 2 SHeyrovsky reactionCu 2 Oion exchange reactionNi 0