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Surface-Nanostructured Single Silver Nanowire: A New One-Dimensional Microscale Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Interface

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journal contribution
posted on 28.11.2018, 00:00 by Mengmeng Chen, Huanhuan Zhang, Yue Ge, Shuo Yang, Peijie Wang, Yan Fang
One-dimensional microscale surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-active interfaces have been intriguing as a newly emerging class of SERS interfaces compared to conventional macroscale SERS substrates. In this work, a stable surface-nanostructured single silver nanowire was fabricated. The nanostructures on the nanowire are formed by nanoscale silver crystal dots with diameters of 20–50 nm. The SERS signals of the crystal violet probe molecules adsorbed on the nanostructures are dramatically enhanced by both electromagnetic and chemical effects. The hot spots generated at the junctions of adjacent nanoscale dots yield highly efficient surface plasmon resonance. Simultaneously, the charge transfer on the atomic-scale silver cluster located at the nanostructured interface causes an enhancement similar to Raman resonance. The intensity distributions of the SERS peaks on the surface-nanostructured single nanowire are characterized by SERS mapping. It is found that, although the intensities of the SERS peaks are different, their SERS mapping images show uniform SERS enhancement distributions, whereas the noticeable SERS intensity distributions on the single smooth silver nanowire are mainly located on the two ends of the nanowire. A large number of nanoscale crystal dots along with the atomic-scale silver clusters are uniformly and densely distributed on the surface of the single roughened nanowire; these structural attributes induce a uniform and large surface plasmon resonance and charge transfer enhancements on the entire surface of the nanowire. This work indicates that the surface-nanostructured single silver nanowire, synthesized using a quite simple preparation method, performs as an excellent one-dimensional microscale SERS substrate with uniform and high enhancement characteristics, which shows high potential for applications as a new class of SERS-active substrates. Furthermore, the higher enhancement factor of the microscale SERS interfaces can be achieved by introducing other roughened nanowires to assemble a dimer and a trimer as micro-SERS substrates, which is consistent with the dark-field measurements.