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Surface-Induced Heterogeneity Analysis of an Alkanethiol Monolayer on Microcrystalline Copper Surface Using Sum Frequency Generation Imaging Microscopy

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journal contribution
posted on 17.01.2017, 15:03 by Ming Fang, Steven Baldelli
An octadecanethiol (ODT) self-assembled monolayer on microcrystalline copper is investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) imaging microscopy and electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). The strong SFG signal contrast across the domain boundary indicates the existence of grain structures on copper surface, which is further verified by EBSD measurements. The nonresonant contribution of SFG response shows anisotropy with respect to the in-plane rotation of the sample relative to the surface normal and varies in each crystal domain area. The resonant contribution of the monolayer, such as the amplitude ratio of CH3-sym/CH3-asym, is azimuthally nearly isotropic. Since the zzz tensor component of nonlinear susceptibility dominates, the resonant part of SFG spectra on the metal surface does not show any anisotropy. Further, a strong correlation between the local metal structures with the top monolayer packing behaviors is identified based on the statistical distribution analysis. Using the methyl group as an illustrative case, the variations in tilt angle of methyl group for different crystal grains, visualized in the SFG image, suggest that the underneath local grain structure contributes significantly to the overall monolayer packing behaviors measured on the macroscale.