Supramolecular Thermotropic Ionic Liquid Crystals Formed via Self-Assembled Zwitterionic Ionic Liquids
journal contributionposted on 18.12.2018, 00:00 by Xuanxuan Qiao, Panpan Sun, Aoli Wu, Na Sun, Bin Dong, Liqiang Zheng
Supramolecular thermotropic ionic liquid crystals (ILCs) with hexagonal and lamellar phases were fabricated by the self-assembly of zwitterionic ionic liquids, which were formed by 3-(1-alkyl-3-imidazolio) propanesulfonate with different alkyl chain lengths CnIPS (n = 12, 14, 16) and 3,4,5-tris(dodecyloxy)benzoic acid (TDBA) based on intermolecular electrostatic interactions. The phase behaviors of ILCs were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The highly ordered and well-defined microstructure of ILCs can be considered to be proton pathways and to radically improve the ionic conductivity, suggesting the induction of proton conduction through a hopping mechanism.