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Supramolecular Solid-State Microlaser Constructed from Pillar[5]arene-Based Host–Guest Complex Microcrystals

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journal contribution
posted on 05.11.2018, 00:00 by Bin Hua, Wei Zhou, Zhaoliang Yang, Zhihua Zhang, Li Shao, Haiming Zhu, Feihe Huang
Herein we report a novel host–guest complex single crystal material based on a pillar[5]­arene (P5) and a laser dye trans-4-[p-(dimethylamino)­styryl]-1-methylpyridinium iodide (DASP). Single crystal structure characterization shows that two P5 molecules act as a supramolecular nanocapsule for one isolated DASP molecule. This spatial confinement effectively restricts aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effects and other nonradiative channels (e.g., twisted intramolecular charge transfer), leading to high luminescent efficiency of the isolated DASP. Together with its regular shape and smooth surface, each 2P5⊃DASP microcrystal forms a Fabry-Pérot (F–P) microcavity and produces a stable laser output with a high Q factor and a low threshold.