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Superhydrophobic Surface with Stepwise Multilayered Micro- and Nanostructure and an Investigation of Its Corrosion Resistance

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journal contribution
posted on 13.11.2019, 18:46 by Wei Tong, Namachivayam Karthik, Jianliang Li, Nan Wang, Dangsheng Xiong
We develop a fluorine-free preparation of the superhydrophobic surface on an aluminum alloy with anticorrosion performance and mechanical robustness. The surface morphology, chemical composition, and water repellency were determined with SEM, CLSM, EDS, FT-IR, TG, and contact-angle measurements, respectively. The aluminum matrix superhydrophobic surface (STA-PDMS-ZnO sample) was able to display excellent repellency to water with a WCA of 152° and a WSA of 2°. The outstanding superhydrophobicity on the as-prepared surface was greatly related to the construction of stepwise multilayered micro- and nanostructure within the superhydrophobic surface. Because of the special surface structure, the mechanical robustness and corrosion resistance of the STA-PDMS-ZnO sample were improved. Notably, the anticorrosion mechanism by air pockets was explained by the comparison of two superhydrophobic surfaces prepared with the same low-surface-energy chemicals. The superhydrophobic surface with a multilayered micro- and nanostructure (STA-PDMS-ZnO sample) showed greater corrosion resistance than the surface coated by superhydrophobic modification (control sample). This is because of the entrapments of numerous air pockets within the aluminum matrix superhydrophobic surface, thus strengthening the corrosion resistance. On the basis of the results, the multidimensional superhydrophobic surface is promising for having a good application future in the field of metal corrosion protection.