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Superhydrophobic Hierarchically Assembled Films of Diblock Copolymer Hollow Nanospheres and Nanotubes

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journal contribution
posted on 10.04.2013, 00:00 by Guping He, Jiwen Hu, Guojun Liu, Yinhui Li, Ganwei Zhang, Feng Liu, Jianpin Sun, Hailiang Zou, Yuanyuan Tu, Dingshu Xiao
Reported are the formation of rough particulate films from cross-linked diblock copolymer vesicles and nanotubes and the wetting properties of the resultant films. The diblock copolymers used were F66M200 and F95A135, where the subscripts denote the repeat unit numbers, whereas M, A, and F denote poly­(2-cinnamoyloxyethyl methacrylate), poly­(2-cinnamoyloxyethyl acrylate), and poly­(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate), respectively. The precursory polymers to F66M200 and F95A135 were prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization. In 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (FEMA), a selective solvent for F, vesicles and tubular micelles were prepared from F66M200 and F95A135, respectively. Photo-cross-linking the M and A blocks of these aggregates yielded hollow nanospheres and nanotubes bearing F coronal chains. These particles were dispersed into CH2Cl2/methanol, where CH2Cl2 was a good solvent for both blocks and methanol was a poor solvent for F. Casting CH2Cl2/methanol dispersions of these particles yielded films consisting of hierarchically assembled diblock copolymer nanoparticles. For example, the hollow nanospheres fused into microspheres bearing nanobumps after being cast from CH2Cl2/methanol at methanol volume fractions of 30 and 50%. The roughness of these films increased as the methanol volume fraction increased. The films that were cast at high methanol contents were superhydrophobic, possessing water contact angles of ∼160° and water sliding angles of ∼3°.