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Superhydrophilic Zwitterionic Polymers Stabilize Liposomes

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journal contribution
posted on 07.08.2012, 00:00 by Zhiqiang Cao, Lei Zhang, Shaoyi Jiang
Nonionic polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a stealth polymer destabilizes liposomes due to its amphiphilic property. As a result, PEGylated liposomes have to be further stabilized, such as by using a large amount cholesterol. This is a long existing dilemma faced by PEG. In this work, we show that zwitterionic poly­(carboxybetaine) (PCB) stabilizes liposomes because of its superhydrophilic nature, thus solving this dilemma. Specifically, PCB-modified liposomes without cholesterol exhibited good retention of hydrophilic drug and long blood circulating characteristics in vivo. To further validate this new PCB chemistry, PCB liposomal doxorubicin without cholesterol was compared with DOXIL for their antitumor therapeutic efficacies.