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Superhydrophilic Fe3+ Doped TiO2 Films with Long-Lasting Antifogging Performance

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journal contribution
posted on 05.01.2021, 20:13 by Yi Yang, Tianyu Sun, Fuliang Ma, Liang-Feng Huang, Zhixiang Zeng
Based on the superhydrophilicity of titanium dioxide (TiO2) after ultraviolet irradiation, it has a high potential in the application of antifogging. However, a durable superhydrophilic state and a broader photoresponse range are necessary. Considering the enhancement of the photoresponse of TiO2, doping is an effective method to prolong the superhydrophilic state. In this paper, a Fe3+ doped TiO2 film with long-lasting superhydrophilicity and antifogging is prepared by sol–gel method. The experiment and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed to investigate the antifogging performance and the underlying microscopic mechanism of Fe3+ doped TiO2. Antifogging tests demonstrate that 1.0 mol % Fe3+ doping leads to durable antifogging performance which lasts 60 days. The DFT calculations reveal that the Fe3+ doping can both increase the photolysis ability of TiO2 under sunlight exposure and enhance the stability of the hydroxyl adsorbate on TiO2 surface, which are the main reasons for a long-lasting superhydrophilicity of TiO2 after sunlight exposure.