American Chemical Society
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Superelastic, Breathable, and High-Barrier Nanofibrous Membranes with Biomimetic ECM Structure for Toxic Chemical Protection

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-02-07, 15:33 authored by Nankai Song, Xuan Zhang, Yang Si, Jianyong Yu, Bin Ding
As the last line of protection for humans, chemical protective suits provided safe and effective protection where chemical warfare agents (CWAs) or chemical reagents leaked; however, the existing chemical protective clothing had poor wearing pressure comfort due to the limitation of inherent materials. Herein, we reported a scalable strategy to fabricate chemical protective fabric (CPF) with a biomimetic extracellular matrix (ECM) barrier layer composed of an elastic fiber framework based on the cross-linked nanofiber membrane and the styrene–butadiene–styrene block copolymer (SBS)/acticarbon matrix. The construction of the reliable and strategical biomimetic ECM structure succeeded in fulfilling hazardous chemical barrier properties, recoverable deformation, and thermal comfort improvement. The resulting CPF exhibited waterproofness with exceeding 200 kPa hydrostatic pressure and exceptional WVT of 550.96 g m–2 d–1, rapid elastic recovery from a strain of 80%, high-cycle fatigue resistance, superior barrier performance against toxic chemicals, and keeping CEES resistance after 100 tensile loading cycles. The successful preparation of the fascinating biomimetic nanofibrous membrane may provide a particular research foundation for developing chemical protective clothing in the future.