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Sulfur-Directed Enantioselective Synthesis of Functionalized Dihydropyrans

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journal contribution
posted on 05.09.2008, 00:00 by Roberto Fernández de la Pradilla, Mariola Tortosa, Nadia Lwoff, Miguel A. del Águila, Alma Viso
The highly selective base-promoted cyclization of enantiopure sulfinyl dienols affords allylic sulfinyl dihydropyrans. The scope of this methodology, including the preparation of seven-membered rings, has been studied in depth. The reactivity of our sulfinyl dihydropyrans toward oxidation, imination, and dihydroxylation has been explored, and thus several routes to densely functionalized pyran derivatives have been outlined. The reactivity of allylic dihydropyranyl sulfones and sulfoximines in SN2′ processes with organocuprates has been examined. The displacement products were obtained with good regio- and stereoselectivity and fair to good yields. The reactivity of these products to dihydroxylation opens new possibilities to access enantiopure polyhydroxylated tetrahydropyrans that could be of interest for the synthesis of natural products.