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Study on the Effect of Ensiling Process and Ruminal Digestion on the Synthesis and Release of Cyclopropane Fatty Acids in Cow Feeding

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journal contribution
posted on 09.09.2021, 16:05 by Veronica Lolli, Augusta Caligiani, Olga Gachiuta, Valentina Pizzamiglio, Paolo Bani
Cyclopropane fatty acids (CPFA) were found in milk fat from cows fed maize silage and suggested to be synthesized by lactic acid bacteria during ensiling. This study aimed to elucidate some gaps of knowledge about the microbial synthesis of CPFA, to strengthen the current authentication method based on their detection in cheese fat and performed for Parmigiano Reggiano (UNI11650), whose Specifications forbid the use of silage. CPFA were screened in different ensiled cows’ feeding by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, and the effect of feed ingredients and ruminal digestion on CPFA microbial production were further examined by in vitro tests. Results showed that solely the environmental conditions developed in silos for specific plant materials (e.g., maize) are essential for the bacterial synthesis of CPFA, whereas rumen activity did not affect CPFA levels in feeds. This supports the suitability of using CPFA as biomarkers of a crop silage-based diet forbidden by certain PDO feedstock regulations.