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Study of the Transition Metal Ordering in Layered NaxNix/2Mn1–x/2O2 (2/3 ≤ x ≤ 1) and Consequences of Na/Li Exchange

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journal contribution
posted on 05.08.2013, 00:00 by Jordi Cabana, Natasha A. Chernova, Jie Xiao, Megan Roppolo, Kellie A. Aldi, M. Stanley Whittingham, Clare P. Grey
A series of layered oxides within the NaxNiix/2Mn1–x/2O2 (2/3 ≤ x ≤ 1) system were synthesized by classical solid-state methodologies. A study of their long and short-range structure was undertaken by combining X-ray diffraction and NMR spectroscopy. A transition from P2 to O3 stacking was observed at x > 0.8 when samples were made at 900 °C, which was accompanied by disordering of ions in the transition metal layer. The magnetic properties of the materials were consistent with this picture of ordering, with all samples showing antiferromagnetic character. At x = 2/3, competition between a P2 and a P3 structure, with different degrees of transition metal ordering, was found depending on the synthesis temperature. Na/Li exchange led to structures with octahedral or tetrahedral coordination of the alkali metal, and Li/Ni crystallographic exchange in the resulting O3 phases. The transition from alkali metal prismatic coordination to octahedral/tetrahedral coordination involves [TMO6] layer shearing that induces some structural disorder through the formation of stacking faults.