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Structures, Energetics, and IR Spectra of Monohydrated Inorganic Acids: Ab initio and DFT Study

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journal contribution
posted on 11.10.2011, 00:00 by Maciej Kołaski, Aleksey A. Zakharenko, S. Karthikeyan, Kwang S. Kim
We carried out extensive calculations of diverse inorganic acids interacting with a single water molecule, through a detailed analysis of many possible conformations. The optimized structures were obtained by using density functional theory (DFT) and the second order Møller–Plesset perturbation theory (MP2). For the most stable conformers, we calculated the interaction energies at the complete basis set (CBS) limit using coupled cluster theory with single, double, and perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)]. The −OH stretching harmonic and anharmonic frequencies are provided as fingerprints of characteristic conformers. The zero-point energy (ZPE) uncorrected/corrected (ΔEeE0) interaction energies and the enthalpies/free energies (ΔHrGr at room temperature and 1 bar) are reported. Various comparisons are made between many diverse inorganic acids (HmXOn where X = B/N/P/Cl/Br/I, m = 1–3, and n = 0–4) as well as other simple inorganic acids. In many cases, we find that the dispersion-driven van der Waals interactions between X in inorganic acid molecules and O in water molecules as well as the X+···O electrostatic interactions are important.