Structures, Electron Affinities, and Harmonic Vibrational Frequencies of the Simplest Alkyl Peroxyl Radicals and Their Anions
journal contributionposted on 2008-07-31, 00:00 authored by Wenguo Xu, Gaoyu Lu
The molecular structures and electron affinities of the R-OO/R-OO− (R = CH3, C2H5, n-C3H7, n-C4H9, n-C5H11, i-C3H7, t-C4H9) species have been determined using seven different density functional or hybrid Hartree−Fock density functional methods. The basis set used in this work is of double-ζ plus polarization quality with additional diffuse s-type and p-type functions, denoted DZP++. The geometries are fully optimized with each density functional theory method. Harmonic vibrational frequencies were found to be within 3.1% of available experimental values for most functionals. Two different types of the neutral−anion energy separations reported in this work are the adiabatic electron affinity and the vertical detachment energy. The most reliable adiabatic electron affinities obtained at the DZP++ BP86 level of theory are 1.150 (CH3OO), 1.124 (C2H5OO), 1.146 (n-C3H7OO), 1.173 (n-C4H9OO), 1.184 (n-C5H11OO), 1.145 (i-C3H7OO), and 1.114 eV (t-C4H9OO). Compared with the experimental values, the average absolute error of the BPW91 method is 0.05 eV.
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5HSimplest Alkyl Peroxyl Radicalsdensityelectron affinitiesHarmonic Vibrational FrequenciesC 2H 1.1463HCH 3OO 1.124Electron AffinitiesHarmonic vibrational frequencies0.05 eV1.114 eVadiabatic electron affinityadiabatic electron affinitiesDZPpolarization qualitydetachment energyBPW 91 method4Htheory method