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Structure and Performance of NaxMn0.85Al0.1Fe0.05O2 (0.7 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) Composite Materials for Sodium-Ion Batteries
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-31, 11:35 authored by Qiyao Zou, Congping Xu, Jie Zhang, Dawei Wang, Huixin Chen, Guiming Zhong, Canzhong Lu, Zhangquan Peng
P2 and O3 structures are two important sodium manganese oxide phases for sodium-ion batteries; however, encounter Na-deficient and poor rate performance, respectively. Herein, a systematic study of NaxMn0.85Al0.1Fe0.05O2 (0.7 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) materials is performed by employing solid-state NMR, X-ray diffraction, and electrochemical analysis, to provide an in-depth understanding on the structure and the correlated performance for the rational design. The interlayer spacing of α-NaMnO2 broadens, and the content of distorted O3 structures (α- and β-NaMnO2) increases with raising Na content. It is exhibited that the NaMn0.85Al0.1Fe0.05O2 composite material presents better rate and cycling performance than P2-type Na0.7Mn0.85Al0.1Fe0.05O2, delivering a capacity of 87 mAh g–1 at 5 C. Significantly, the determinants of performance are further discussed, which reveal that diffusion coefficient is probably not the decisive factor restricts the rate performance of O3 and composite materials. The phase transition relaxation and the interfacial charge transfer resistance should be seriously addressed for further improvement.
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