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Structure−Activity Study To Develop Cationic Lipid-Conjugated Haloperidol Derivatives as a New Class of Anticancer Therapeutics

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journal contribution
posted on 14.04.2011, 00:00 authored by Krishnendu Pal, Subrata Kumar Pore, Sutapa Sinha, Rajiv Janardhanan, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay, Rajkumar Banerjee
Haloperidol (HP), a neuroleptic drug, shows high affinity toward σ receptors (SR). HP and reduced-HP at higher concentration were known to induce apoptosis in SR-overexpressing carcinomas and melanomas. Herein, we report the development of cationic lipid-conjugated haloperidol as a new class of anticancer therapeutics. In comparison to HP, the C-8 carbon chain analogue (HP-C8) showed significantly high, SR-assisted antiproliferative activity against cancer cells via caspase-3-mediated apoptosis and down-regulation of pAkt. Moreover, melanoma tumor aggressiveness in HP-C8-treated mice was significantly lower than that in HP-treated mice. HP-C8 simultaneously reduced Akt-protein level and increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in vascular endothelial cells, thereby indicating a possible protein kinase down-regulatory and apoptosis inducing role in tumor-associated vascular cells. In conclusion, we developed σ receptor-targeting cationic lipid-modified HP derivatives as a promising class of anticancer therapeutic that concurrently affects cancer and tumor environment associated angiogenic vascular cells through induction of apoptosis and Akt protein down-regulation.