Structural and Functional Insights into Sulfide:Quinone Oxidoreductase,
journal contributionposted on 23.06.2009, 00:00 by José A. Brito, Filipa L. Sousa, Meike Stelter, Tiago M. Bandeiras, Clemens Vonrhein, Miguel Teixeira, Manuela M. Pereira, Margarida Archer
A sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQR) was isolated from the membranes of the hyperthermoacidophilic archaeon Acidianus ambivalens, and its X-ray structure, the first reported for an SQR, was determined to 2.6 Å resolution. This enzyme was functionally and structurally characterized and was shown to have two redox active sites: a covalently bound FAD and an adjacent pair of cysteine residues. Most interestingly, the X-ray structure revealed the presence of a chain of three sulfur atoms bridging those two cysteine residues. The possible implications of this observation in the catalytic mechanism for sulfide oxidation are discussed, and the role of SQR in the sulfur dependent bioenergetics of A. ambivalens, linked to oxygen reduction, is addressed.