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Structural and DFT Studies on the Polymorphism of a Cadmium(II) Dipicolinate Coordination Polymer

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journal contribution
posted on 04.01.2012, 00:00 by Boris-Marko Kukovec, Gerhard A. Venter, Clive L. Oliver
The coordination polymer [Cd2(dipic)2(H2O)3]n was prepared by the reaction of cadmium­(II) chloride or bromide and dipicolinic acid (dipicH2) at 60 °C under autogenous pressure. The C2/c polymorph (1) was almost exclusively obtained. However, a few crystals of the P2/c polymorph (2) were occasionally found in the mixture with the C2/c polymorph, thus making it a disappearing and concomitant polymorph. The polymeric chains in 1 are connected into dimers by π–π interaction and O–H···O hydrogen bonds. These dimers are in turn connected by intermolecular O–H···O hydrogen bonds into a 2D network. The polymeric chains in 2 are connected by intermolecular O–H···O hydrogen bonds into a zigzag chain along the [001] direction. According to DFT calculations, the hydrogen bonding is of similar order in both polymorphs (∼7.5 kcal mol–1 per hydrogen bond). However, there is additional stability imparted in 1, as shown by dispersion-corrected DFT, through π–π stacking between polymeric chains, making 1 the thermodynamically favored polymorph. Polymorph 1 was characterized by IR spectroscopy, PXRD analysis, and TGA and DSC methods. The DSC analysis did not show any sign of phase transition between 1 and 2. This was also confirmed by variable temperature PXRD, since the pattern of 1 remained unchanged until the decomposition of 1.