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Structural Tuning of Ligand-Based Two-Electron Intervalence Charge Transfer

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journal contribution
posted on 03.10.2005, 00:00 by Julien Bachmann, Daniel G. Nocera
The lowest-energy optical transition of two-electron-oxidized porphyrinogens [LΔM] is a ligand-based charge transfer. The color of the intermediary, two-electron mixed-valent oxidation state shifts from vermilion (λmax = 480 nm) to yellow (λmax = 270 nm) upon increasing the ionic radius of the central metal dication from Mg2+ to Zn2+ and Ca2+. Structural, spectroscopic, and computational studies establish that the relative energies of the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied orbitals, between which the intervalence charge-transfer optical transition occurs, are modulated by the molecular dipole moment, which in turn depends on the only structural variable among the [LΔM] compounds, the position of M2+ relative to the dianionic dipyrrole unit.