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Structural Characterization and Anticancer Activity of Cell-Bound Exopolysaccharide from Lactobacillus helveticus MB2‑1

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posted on 2015-04-08, 00:00 authored by Wei Li, Xiudong Xia, Weizhi Tang, Juan Ji, Xin Rui, Xiaohong Chen, Mei Jiang, Jianzhong Zhou, Qiuqin Zhang, Mingsheng Dong
A novel cell-bound exopolysaccharide (c-EPS) was isolated from Lactobacillus helveticus MB2-1 by ultrasonic extraction, anion exchange, and gel filtration chromatography before being structurally characterized. The c-EPS is a heteropolysaccharide with an average molecular weight of 1.83 × 105 Da and is composed of glucose, mannose, galactose, rhamnose, and arabinose at a molar ratio of 3.12:1.01:1.00:0.18:0.16. Methylation analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis revealed that the c-EPS is a linear glucomannogalactan containing repeating units of →6)-β-d-Manp-(1 → 3)-β-d-Glcp-(1 → 3)-β-d-Glcp-(1 → 3)-β-d-Glcp-(1 → 4)-α-d-Galp-(1→ and trace amounts of Rhap-(1→ and (1 → 4)-Arap residues. Complex formation with Congo red demonstrated a triple-strand helical conformation for the c-EPS. Scanning electron microscopy of the c-EPS revealed many regular feather-like structural units. Topographical examination of c-EPS by atomic force microscopy revealed that the c-EPS formed rounded-to-spherical lumps with different sizes and chain formations. Furthermore, preliminary in vitro tests revealed that c-EPS significantly inhibited the proliferation of HepG-2, BGC-823, and especially HT-29 cancer cells.

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