American Chemical Society
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Structural Basis for Activation of Human Sirtuin 6 by Fluvastatin

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-09-29, 14:33 authored by Weijie You, Clemens Steegborn
Sirtuins are NAD+-dependent protein lysine deacylases that are considered attractive drug targets for aging-related diseases. Sirt6 deacetylates, e.g., transcription factors and histone H3, and regulates metabolic processes and stress responses. It has been implicated in lifespan extension and tumor suppression. Sirt6 deacetylase activity can be stimulated with small molecules, and fluvastatin, an FDA-approved synthetic statin, was recently described as a novel Sirt6 activator. We studied the molecular details of this effect on Sirt6 in deacylation assays and by solving a crystal structure of a Sirt6/fluvastatin complex. We find that fluvastatin inhibits Sirt1–3 at higher concentrations but has a unique, activating effect on Sirt6. The complex structure reveals that fluvastatin occupies the Sirt6 substrate acyl channel exit, similar to other, unrelated activator families, providing interaction details that will support the development of potent, druglike Sirt6 activators.