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Structural Analysis of Enzyme-Resistant Isomaltooligosaccharides Reveals the Elongation of α-(1→3)-Linked Branches in Weissella confusa Dextran

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journal contribution
posted on 2011-02-14, 00:00 authored by Ndegwa Henry Maina, Liisa Virkki, Henna Pynnönen, Hannu Maaheimo, Maija Tenkanen
Weissella confusa VTT E-90392 is an efficient producer of a dextran that is mainly composed of α-(1→6)-linked d-glucosyl units and very few α-(1→3) branch linkages. A mixture of the Chaetomium erraticum endodextranase and the Aspergillus niger α-glucosidase was used to hydrolyze W. confusa dextran to glucose and a set of enzyme-resistant isomaltooligosaccharides. Two of the oligosaccharides (tetra- and hexasaccharide) were isolated in pure form and their structures elucidated. The tetrasaccharide had a nonreducing end terminal α-(1→3)-linked glucosyl unit (α-D-Glcp-(1→3)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glc), whereas the hexasaccharide had an α-(1→3)-linked isomaltosyl side group (α-D-Glcp-(1→6)[α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→3)]-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glc). A mixture of two isomeric oligosaccharides was also obtained in the pentasaccharide fraction, which were identified as (α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→3)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glc) and (α-D-Glcp-(1→6)[α-D-Glcp-(1→3)]-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glc). The structures of the oligosaccharides indicated that W. confusa dextran contains both terminal and elongated α-(1→3)-branches. This is the first report evidencing the presence of elongated branches in W. confusa dextran. The 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic data on the enzyme-resistant isomaltooligosaccharides with α-(1→3)-linked glucosyl and isomaltosyl groups are published here for the first time.