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Strong Metal–Support Interaction over PtPdCu/Al2O3 toward Hydrogenation of Nitrobenzene

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-10-19, 19:04 authored by Fagui Lu, Song Zhou, Siqian Li, Haoyu Jiang, Bowen He, Jizhen Qi, Yixiao Zhang, Xi Liu, Jian Xu, Yongwang Li, Liwei Chen
Multimetallic nanoparticles are an important class of catalysts with significant technological potential. In this work, trimetallic PtPdCu nanoparticles synthesized via a facile one-pot colloidal method were loaded on Al2O3. A two-step treatment, including ligand exchange and low-temperature annealing, was applied subsequently to remove the stabilizing ligands. We studied the effects of annealing temperature on the physicochemical properties of the supported PtPdCu nanoparticles and their catalytic activities for nitrobenzene hydrogenation. It is found that varying the annealing temperature of PtPdCu/Al2O3 catalysts not only effectively removes the surfactant, but also modulates the metal–support interaction between the metal nanoparticles and the support in terms of coverage of Al2O3 on metal nanoparticles, which further tunes the catalytic activity for nitrobenzene hydrogenation. The partially Al2O3-encapsulated PtPdCu exhibits better catalytic activity for hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline over the fully Al2O3-encapsulated and surfactant-covered PtPdCu catalyst.