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Strategically Designed Antifibrotic Gold Nanoparticles to Prevent Collagen Fibril Formation

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journal contribution
posted on 26.10.2017, 00:00 authored by Bibin Ganadhason Anand, Kriti Dubey, Dolat Singh Shekhawat, Kailash Prasad Prajapati, Karunakar Kar
Because uncontrolled accumulation of collagen fibrils has been implicated in a series of pathologies, inhibition of collagen fibril formation has become one of the necessary strategies to target such collagen-linked complications. The presence of hydroxyproline (Hyp) at the Y position in (Gly-X-Y)n sequence pattern of collagen is known to facilitate crucial hydrophobic and hydration-linked interactions that promote collagen fibril formation. Here, to target such Hyp-mediated interactions, we have synthesized uniform, thermostable, and hemocompatible Hyp coated gold nanoparticles (AuNPsHYP) and have examined their inhibition effect on the fibril formation of type I collagen. We found that collagen fibril formation is strongly suppressed in the presence of AuNPsHYP and no such suppression effect was observed in the presence of free Hyp and control Gly-coated nanoparticles at similar concentrations. Both isothermal titration calorimetric studies and bioinformatics analysis reveal possible interaction between Hyp and (Gly-Pro-Hyp) stretches of collagen triple-helical model peptides. Further, gold nanoparticles coated with proline (AuNPsPRO) and tryptophan (AuNPsTRP) also suppressed collagen fibril formation, suggesting their ability to interfere with aromatic-proline as well as hydrophobic interactions between collagen molecules. The Hyp molecules, when surface functionalized, are predicted to interfere with the Hyp-mediated forces that drive collagen self-assembly, and such inhibition effect may help in targeting collagen linked pathologies.