American Chemical Society
jo400440z_si_001.pdf (2.31 MB)

Straightforward Access to Spisulosine and 4,5-Dehydrospisulosine Stereoisomers: Probes for Profiling Ceramide Synthase Activities in Intact Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-06-21, 00:00 authored by José Luis Abad, Ingrid Nieves, Pedro Rayo, Josefina Casas, Gemma Fabriàs, Antonio Delgado
A stereoselective synthesis of spisulosine (ES285) and 4,5-dehydrospisulosine stereoisomers is described. Hydrozirconation of 1-pentadecyne with Schwartz reagent, followed by diastereocontrolled addition to l- or d-alaninal afforded the required 2-amino-1,3-diol framework. The resulting sphingoid bases revealed as excellent probes for the profiling of ceramide synthase activity in intact cells. Among the sphingoid bases described in this work, spisulosine (ES285), RBM1-77, and RBM1-73 were the most suitable ones because of their highest acylation rates. These molecules should prove useful to study the role of the different ceramide synthases and the resulting N-acyl (dihydro)­ceramides in cell fate.