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Stochastic Collision Electrochemistry from Single Pt Nanoparticles: Electrocatalytic Amplification and MicroRNA Sensing

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posted on 2022-06-01, 06:43 authored by Xia Qiu, Haoran Tang, Jingyi Dong, Chaohui Wang, Yongxin Li
Single-particle collisions have made many achievements in basic research, but challenges still exist due to their low collision frequency and selectivity in complex samples. In this work, we developed an “on–off–on” strategy based on Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) that catalyze N2H4 collision signals on the surface of carbon ultramicroelectrodes and established a new method for the detection of miRNA21 with high selectivity and sensitivity. PtNPs catalyze the reduction of N2H4 on the surface of carbon ultramicroelectrodes to generate a stepped collision signal, which is in the “on” state. The single-stranded DNA paired with miRNA21 is coupled with PtNPs to form the complex DNA/PtNPs. Because PtNPs are covered by DNA, the electrocatalytic collision of N2H4 oxidation is inhibited. At this time, the signal is in the “off” state. When miRNA21 is added, the strong complementary pairing between miRNA21 and DNA destroys the electrostatic adsorption of DNA/PtNP conjugates and restores the electrocatalytic performance of PtNPs, and the signal is in the “on” state again. Based on this, a new method for detecting miRNA21 was established. It provides a new way for small-molecule sensing and has a wide range of applications in electroanalysis, electrocatalysis, and biosensing.

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