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Stimuli-Responsive Supramolecular Chirality Switching and Nanoassembly Constructed by n‑Shaped Amphiphilic Molecules in Aqueous Solution
journal contributionposted on 2021-01-11, 07:45 authored by Yuntian Yang, Qingqing Han, Yi-rong Pei, Shengsheng Yu, Zhegang Huang, Long Yi Jin
Self-assembled nanomaterials composed of amphiphilic oligomers with functional groups have been applied in the fields of biomimetic chemistry and on-demand delivery systems. Herein, we report the assembly behavior and unique properties of an emergent n-shaped rod–coil molecule containing an azobenzene (AZO) group upon application of an external stimulus (thermal, UV light). The n-shaped amphiphilic molecules comprising an aromatic segment based on anthracene, phenyl linked with azobenzene groups, and hydrophilic oligoether (chiral) segments self-assemble into large strip-like sheets and perforated-nanocage fragments in an aqueous environment, depending on the flexible oligoether chains. Interestingly, the nano-objects formed in aqueous solution undergo a morphological transition from sheets and nanocages to small one-dimensional nanofibers. These molecules exhibit reversible photo- and thermal-responsiveness, accompanied by a change in the supramolecular chirality caused by the conformational transitions of the rod backbone. The architecture of n-shaped amphiphilic molecules with a photosensitive group makes them ideal candidates for intelligent materials for applications in advanced materials science.
materials sciencerod backbonesegments self-assembleAqueous Solution Self-assembled nan...molecules exhibitstrip-like sheetsStimuli-Responsive Supramolecular C...perforated-nanocage fragmentsNanoassembly Constructedsupramolecular chiralityoligoether chainstransitionbiomimetic chemistryazobenzene groupsAZOapplicationamphiphilic oligomersUV lightn-shaped amphiphilic moleculesassembly behavioron-demand delivery systems