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Sterically Encumbered Tetraarylimidazolium Carbene Pd-PEPPSI Complexes: Highly Efficient Direct Arylation of Imidazoles with Aryl Bromides under Aerobic Conditions

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-08-02, 18:11 authored by Xu-Xian He, Yinwu Li, Bei-Bei Ma, Zhuofeng Ke, Feng-Shou Liu
A series of sterically encumbered tetraarylimidazolium carbene Pd-PEPPSI complexes were conveniently prepared and fully characterized. These sterically encumbered Pd-PEPPSI complexes act as active precatalysts for the direct arylation of imidazoles with aryl bromides under aerobic conditions. The catalytic performance of Pd-PEPPSI complexes in cross-coupling processes is investigated. Under the optimal protocols, the cross-coupling reactions regioselectively produced C5-arylation products in moderate to excellent yields, which could tolerate a wide range of functional aryl bromides.