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Stereospecific Intramolecular C–H Amination of 1-Aza-2-azoniaallene Salts

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-06-20, 00:00 authored by Daniel A. Bercovici, Matthias Brewer
We report that 1-aza-2-azoniaallene salts, generated from α-chloroazo compounds by treatment with halophilic Lewis acids, participate in intramolecular C–H amination reactions to provide pyrazoline products in good to excellent yield. This intramolecular amination occurs readily at both benzylic and tertiary aliphatic positions and proceeds at an enantioenriched chiral center without loss of enantiomeric excess. A competition reaction shows that insertion occurs more readily at an electron-rich benzylic position than an electron-deficient one. These observations are consistent with the 1-aza-2-azoniaallene intermediate reacting as a nitrenium-like ion by a concerted insertion mechanism.

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