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Stereoselectivity of Additions to N‑Methyl Acetonitrilium Fluorosulfonate

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journal contribution
posted on 01.03.2013, 00:00 by Reinhart Keese, François Berdat, Piero Macchi
Alkoxy-N-methyl-acetiminium salts were prepared by addition of CH3OH and C2H5OH to N-methyl acetonitrilium fluorosulfonate at low temperature. Analysis of the 5JHH and 3J13C–H coupling constants in the NMR spectra showed an anti addition with a diastereoselectivity of >95%. Deprotonation of these salts with (Z)-configuration gave the corresponding N-methyl-alkoxyacetimines with very high (E)-configuration. Upon protonation at −78 °C, these iminoesters gave the corresponding alkoxy-N-methyl-acetiminium salts with (E)-configuration. Computational analyses of the iminoesters and the corresponding iminium cations including the conformations give insight into the relative stability. Nitrilium salts can be used as reagents, exemplified by some esterifications between simple acids and alcohols.