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Stereoelectronic Profiling of Expanded-Ring N‑Heterocyclic Carbenes

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-05-10, 15:34 authored by Anuj Kumar, Dan Yuan, Han Vinh Huynh
Heterobis­(carbene) complexes of palladium­(II) and gold­(I) containing expanded-ring N-heterocyclic carbenes (erNHCs) have been prepared in order to study their electronic properties. erNHCs with mesityl substituents were found to exhibit anisotropic interferences, which hampered ranking of their donicities by 13C NMR spectroscopy. The anisotropy effects were found to be stronger in the linear gold complexes, where a smaller coordination number allows the wingtips to spread out more. erNHCs with flexible N-benzyl groups are more suitable, and their donor strengths were found to gradually increase from five- to seven-membered heterocycles. The same trend can also be obtained by comparing the 1J(C–H) coupling constants of the respective salts, although significant differences between seven- and eight-membered erNHCs could not be detected. The %Vbur values of erNHCs obtained from structures of their palladium and gold complexes revealed that the anisotropic interferences increase with overall steric bulk.