Steady and Robust CNTs-Based Electric Heating Membrane Fabricated by Addition of Nanocellulose and Hot-Press Encapsulation
journal contributionposted on 07.05.2021, 12:39 by Xinpu Li, Haojie Zou, Bing Zhuo, Chuang Shao, Shuoang Cao, Binxia Zhang, Quanping Yuan
Herein, a type of biomass-based electric heating membrane (EHM) with excellent stability was fabricated; this was achieved by incorporating carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into the nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) as a natural dispersant and a biological substrate, as well as via the control of ultrasonic dispersion, grammage, and encapsulation using poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) with hot pressing. NFC entangles with CNTs in the form of an intertwined network and non-covalent interactions to fabricate a flexible EHM with steady electric heating performance; this formation is attributed to not only their similar morphology and surface-active groups but also the use of NFC that avoids additional disturbances in the overlapped interface among CNTs as far as possible. The obtained steady resistance varies as low as 5.1% under energized operation. In the encapsulated EHM (EM), PDMS was anchored on its surface by using hot pressing and an intertwined structure to enhance flexibility and robustness. The encapsulated membrane can be used in low-voltage applications, which require flexibility, waterproofing, and insulation.