American Chemical Society
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Stable Eight-Coordinate Iron(III/II) Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 2010-03-01, 00:00 authored by Ashis K. Patra, Koustubh S. Dube, Georgia C. Papaefthymiou, Jeanet Conradie, Abhik Ghosh, Todd C. Harrop
The chemistry of unusual coordination numbers of transition-metal complexes has been of interest because of their presence in biology and catalytic systems. Herein we describe a systematic and predictable approach toward isolation of stable eight-coordinate (8C) iron(III/II) systems. The 8C (S = 2; high-spin, HS) complex [Fe(LN4)2](BF4)2 (1) has been synthesized and characterized, displaying a distorted square-antiprism structure. Complex 1 is a unique 8C iron complex that exhibits remarkable stability in solution under various unfavorable conditions. The E1/2 value of 1 (0.430 V vs Ag/AgCl, MeCN) supports the FeII oxidation state; however, the corresponding HS (S = 5/2) 8C FeIII analogue [Fe(LN4)2](NO3)3 (3) has also been synthesized via the chemical oxidation of 1. The structural, spectroscopic, and theoretical descriptions of these 8C iron complexes are reported in this work.