American Chemical Society
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Spectroscopic Characterization of Oligoaniline Microspheres Obtained by an Aniline−Persulfate Approach

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journal contribution
posted on 2011-02-17, 00:00 authored by Daniela C. Ferreira, José R. Pires, Marcia L. A. Temperini
This paper investigates the structure of the products obtained from the polymerization of aniline with ammonium persulfate in a citrate/phosphate buffer solution at pH 3 by resonance Raman, NMR, FTIR, and UV−vis−NIR spectroscopies. All the spectroscopic data showed that the major product presented segments that were formed by a 1,4-Michael reaction between aniline and p-benzoquinone monoimine, ruling out the formation of polyazane structure that has been recently proposed. The characterization of samples obtained at different stages of the reaction indicated that, as the reaction progressed, phenazine units were formed and 1,4-Michael-type adducts were hydrolyzed/oxidized to yield benzoquinone. Raman mapping data suggested that phenazine-like segments could be related to the formation of the microspheres morphology.