American Chemical Society
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Specific Adsorption of Histidine-Tagged Proteins on Silica Surfaces Modified with Ni2+/NTA-Derivatized Poly(ethylene glycol)

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journal contribution
posted on 2007-05-22, 00:00 authored by Eunah Kang, Jin-Won Park, Scott J. McClellan, Jong-Mok Kim, David P. Holland, Gil U. Lee, Elias I. Franses, Kinam Park, David H. Thompson
Silica surfaces modified with nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives were used to immobilize hexahistidine-tagged green fluorescent protein (His6-GFP), biotin/streptavidin-AlexaFluor555 (His6-biotin/SA-AF), and gramicidin A-containing vesicles (His6-gA). Three types of surface-reactive PEG derivatives−NTA-PEG3400-Si(OMe)3, NTA-PEG3400-vinylsulfone, and mPEG5000-Si(OMe)3 (control)−were grafted onto silica and tested for their ability to capture His6-tag species via His6/Ni2+/NTA chelation. The composition and thicknesses of the PEG-modified surfaces were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, contact angle, and ellipsometry. Protein capture efficiencies of the NTA-PEG-grafted surfaces were evaluated by measuring fluorescence intensities of these surfaces after exposure to His6-tag species. XPS and ellipsometry data indicate that surface adsorption occurs via specific interactions between the His6-tag and the Ni2+/NTA-PEG-grafted surface. Protein immobilization was most effective for NTA-PEG3400-Si(OMe)3-modified surfaces, with maximal areal densities achieved at 45 pmol/cm2 for His6-GFP and 95 fmol/cm2 for His6-biotin/SA-AF. Lipid vesicles containing His6-gA in a 1:375 gA/lipid ratio could also be immobilized on Ni2+/NTA-PEG3400-Si(OMe)3-modified surfaces at 0.5 mM total lipid. Our results suggest that NTA-PEG-Si(OMe)3 conjugates may be useful tools for immobilizing His6-tag proteins on solid surfaces to produce protein-functionalized surfaces.