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Spatially Localized Chemical Patterns around an A + B → Oscillator Front

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journal contribution
posted on 04.01.2016, 00:00 by M. A. Budroni, L. Lemaigre, D. M. Escala, A. P. Muñuzuri, A. De Wit
When two gels, each loaded with a different set of reactants A and B of an oscillatory reaction, are brought into contact, reaction–diffusion patterns such as waves or Turing patterns can develop in the reactive contact zone. The initial condition which separates the reactants at the beginning leads to a localization in space of the different dynamical regimes accessible to the chemical oscillator. We study here both numerically and experimentally the composite traveling structures resulting from the interaction between chemical fronts and localized waves in the case in which the reactants of such an A + B → oscillator system are those of the canonical Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) oscillating reaction. A transition between different dynamics is obtained by varying the initial concentration of the organic substrate of the BZ reactants, which is one of the parameters controlling the local excitability. We show that the dynamical regime (excitable or oscillatory) characterizing the BZ oscillator in the initial contact area is the key feature which determines the spatiotemporal evolution of the system. The experimental results are in qualitative agreement with the theoretical predictions.