American Chemical Society
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Solvent-Free Enantioselective Friedländer Condensation with Wet 1,1′-Binaphthalene-2,2′-diamine-Derived Prolinamides as Organocatalysts

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-19, 06:51 authored by Abraham Bañón-Caballero, Gabriela Guillena, Carmen Nájera
Wet unsupported and supported 1,1′-binaphthalene-2,2′-diamine (BINAM) derived prolinamides are efficient organocatalysts under solvent-free conditions at room temperature to perform the synthesis of chiral tacrine analogues in good yields (up to 93%) and excellent enantioselectivies (up to 96%). The Friedländer reaction involved in this process takes place with several cyclohexanone derivatives and 2-aminoaromatic aldehydes, and it is compatible with the presence of either electron-withdrawing or electron-donating groups at the aromatic ring of the 2-aminoaryl aldehyde derivatives used as electrophiles. The reaction can be extended to cyclopentanone derivatives, affording a regioisomeric but separable mixture of products. The use of the wet silica gel supported organocatalyst, under solvent-free conditions, for this process led to the expected product (up to 87% enantiomeric excess), with its reuse being possible at least up to five times.