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Solvent Effects on Electronic Structures and Chain Conformations of α-Oligothiophenes in Polar and Apolar Solutions

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journal contribution
posted on 26.04.2007, 00:00 by Suci Meng, Jing Ma, Yuansheng Jiang
Solvent effects on electronic structures and chain conformations of α-oligothiophenes nTs (n = 1 to 10) are investigated in solvents of n-hexane, 1,4-dioxane, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and water by using density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Both implicit and explicit solvent models are employed. The polarized continuum model (PCM) calculations and MD simulations demonstrate the weak solvent effects on the electronic structures of α-oligothiophenes. The lowest dipole-allowed vertical excitation energies of nTs, obtained from time-dependent DFT/PCM calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level, exhibit a red shift as the solvent polarity increases, in agreement with experiments. The studied solvents have little impact on the state order of the low-lying excited states provided that the nTs are kept in C2h or C2v symmetry. The MD simulations demonstrate that the chain conformations are distorted to some extent in polar and nonpolar solvents. A qualitative picture of the distribution of solvent molecules around the solvated nTs is drawn by means of radial and spatial distribution functions. The S···H−O and π···H−O solute−solvent interactions are insignificant in aqueous solution.

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